Section 4: Basic Skills - Receiving, Passing and Shooting
This series, Coaching Fundamentals, is designed to introduce volunteer and youth coaches to the basics of coaching soccer. You can find a small number of soccer exercises that may be used to train players in both techniques and tactics on our Soccer Drills page.
The next session is an examination of other basic soccer skills. If players can't pass and catch the ball in basketball, they can't play the game. If they can't pass and receive the ball in soccer, they will not be successful. These two important skills, combined with shooting at goal, are featured in this section. It should be emphasized that these skills are critical to be successful. Repetition of these skills is the key to learning and mastering them.
In the basic skills of soccer, an important term is “technique,” which is the physical movement involved in those skills. Practicing the skills is called “technical training." Players practice technique throughout their lives, but correct technique practice is essential for players age 6-12 while they are in developmental stages.
The coach of developing players should heavily emphasize technical training while also having a basic understanding of correct technical execution. This can be accomplished using a repertoire of conditioned games to teach techniques in a manner that provides plenty of repetition.
Receiving a ball on the ground is different than receiving a ball in the air. When receiving a ball on the ground, the following points should be considered:
- Keep your eye on the ball.
- Choose which foot to receive the ball with (this may depend on the location of the defender).
- Receive the ball with one foot with the toe pointed up (ankle locked).
- Don’t stop the ball. Instead, prepare it for the next action: shot, dribble, pass or to play away from pressure.
Receiving the ball in the air is a skill that involves six major phases:
- Keeping your eye on the ball.
- Reading the flight, speed and direction of the ball.
- Deciding which body part will control the ball (foot, thigh, chest or head).
- Getting the body in line with the direction of the ball.
- Preparing to receive the ball by presenting the body part to the ball.
- Cushioning the ball with the body part to slow it down and preparing for the next touch.
The following are drills that can be used to help players develop better receving skills:
Technical Session on Passing and Receiving
Coach Gina O'Neil gives a session plan that is full of passing combinations encouraging you to trap the ball with the inside of your foot and passing with both inside and outside on the foot.
Receiving, Control, Receiving Exercises
Full Session to help players develop first touch and quality passing
Receiving and Passing for U10-U14 (Resource Library)
A technical session emphasizing receiving and passing designed for players in the U10 to U14 age groups.
Give and Go (Resource Library)
NSCAA Director of Coaching Education, Ian Barker, uses a give and go drill to practice passing and receiving technique using both long and short passes.
Because passing involves giving the ball to a teammate, it is important that players are taught to know where their teammates are by constantly looking. A second important ingredient is verbal communication, or talking. Coaches should teach players to provide intelligent verbal cues to help with decision-making in passing.
The technical elements of passing vary based on the kind of pass being made. The key elements of any pass (both short and long) include:
- See the target.
- Approach the ball.
- Plant and position of support, or non-kicking foot (the toe of the non-kicking foot should be pointed in the direction the player wants the ball to go).
- Look at the ball, holding the head steady.
- Contact the correct area of the ball with locked ankle.
- For instep and outside of foot pass, the toes are pointed down and contact is on the top of the foot.
- For inside of the foot pass, toes are pointed up.
- Follow-through: kick “through the ball," following through toward the target.
- Transfer the weight forward.
The following are drills that can be used to help players develop better passing skills:
A, B, C, D Passing
A passes to B, moves to center. B passes to center, moves diagonally to other cone (A). A passes o C, moves to outside cone (B). Sequence begins again between C and D (*3 passes *3 movements per)
A lesson plan to help develop u-10 passing skills.
Technical Passing Session (Resource Library)
Session plan on using your right and left foot to control and pass. Samantha also provides passing drills the encourage you to check and open your body up to the field and find the best pass.
Combining Technique Passing, Receiving, Moving (Resource Library)
NSCAA Director of Coaching Education, Ian Barker, does a drill in which players pass the ball through a gate and then look for another ball to combine the elements of passing, dribbling, receiving and moving.
Shooting uses the same technical elements as passing, with the important difference being that the goal is to pass the ball beyond the goalkeeper.
- If possible, the player should look up to see the position of the goalkeeper, choosing a side to shoot the ball.
- Approach the ball.
- Plant the support foot beside or slightly ahead of the ball, which helps to keep the shot low.
- Keep the head steady and eyes on the ball.
Make proper contact with the ball.
- Ankle of kicking foot is locked and the toe is pointed down if shooting with instep.
- Hips and knee of kicking foot are pointed in the direction of the shot.
- Follow through to keep the ball low (weight going forward, landing on the kicking foot).
The skill of shooting sometimes is called an art because the scoring of goals is such a prized commodity. The mechanics of how to shoot are important, but perhaps more important is knowing when to shoot, especially because so many players prefer to pass the ball rather than take on the responsibility of shooting. Since scoring more goals than the opposition is the object of the game, players who are goal scorers are highly valued. Shooting frequently is done under pressure from opponents, sometimes facing the wrong way and at awkward angles. Shooting should be practiced against a live goalkeeper.
The following are drills that can be used to help players develop better shooting skills:
Striking the Ball
Great session for U6 from Warm up to Game
Coconuts Young Player Game
U6-U8 striking a ball activity
Shooting Activities (Resource Library)
Activities Include: 1) Unopposed Shooting 2) Opposed Shooting 3) Shooting Game: Improve shooting under pressure and in game situations 4) Small Side Scrimmage
Shooting Practice Plan (Resource Library)
Activities Include: 1) Shooting 1: Improve shooting technique 2) Shooting 2: Improve shooting technique 3) Shooting 3: Improve shooting technique 4) Shooting 4: Improve shooting techniques in game situations 5) Small Sided Scrimmages
The skills of soccer are difficult because humans are hand-eye dominated. The skills discussed here, however, are eye-foot and must be developed at a fairly young age. The difficulty for coaches of young players is to conduct training sessions that involve repetition but are not boring or tedious. Therefore, coaches of young players are in may ways very important as they develop tomorrow’s players today.
You can find many more training sessions, exercises and information in the 2013 Preseason edition of the Soccer Journal. First launched in 2012, this supplement to the Soccer Journal was a welcomed and popular addition for a coach's repertoire. NSCAA members can view a digital version in myNSCAA.
The NSCAA aims to be a soccer coach's first (and only) stop for what they need to be better coaches. Now you can carry that information with you wherever you go with the NSCAA Mobile App.